Watch the video for demonstrations and to practice drawing orthographic projections (2D views of a 3D object) and cross sections of a chair.

The goal of this assignment is to build on your basic sketching techniques and to introduce you to orthographic projections and cross sections as tools for visual expression. This assignment is intended to help you think about which 2D views you need to sketch in order to unambiguously represent an artifact.


Create a blog post for the assignment on the Week #2 page titled Question 2.3 with:


A sketch of a chair from the top view, front view and side view. Also sketch one cross section of some portion of the same chair. Compose these four sketches on one sheet. Label the views. All sketches must comply the guidelines from the first module on visual expression (i.e., clear dark lines with the sketch filling the frame).

AuthorJane Martin

The gap:

A flexible container to carry wet and dry cooking ingredients from a range of world cuisines from place to place.


The case is flexible

The case can hold different proportions of ingredients at different times

The case can hold different kinds of ingredients - sizes, liquids and solids

The case is a material that can flex to fit inside bags

The case can be folded over

The interior cases can change size

The case can be dropped and not break



! The case contains the smells of the ingredients

! The case makes sure powders don't get out

! The case doesn't leak

The case has a double shell

The case is waterproof



The case/box is easy to transport

The case is light

The case is durable

The case is small

The case is easy to fit in a work bag

The case can be carried over a shoulder


Get up and go

The case is ready to go at short notice

The case contains fresh ingredients

! The case is easy to use at home so that the ingredients are used there too

The case has a checklist on it

The case hangs on the back of the door


Other things to help cook

The outside of the case can be used as a chopping board

The case contains things for cutting

The case contains things for measuring small amounts

The case has a sieve


Ease of Use

The case is easy to open

The case has poppers



The case has names of spices in different languages

The case has a reusable checklist of contents

The case is opaque to protect spices from light

The case is see through to see what's inside

The case twists closed








Interview at least five different individuals who you believe share the gap you are addressing for your course project. These interviews should be done in person, preferably in the person’s “use environment.”

Using the methods from the videos on user needs, identify the user needs.


Create a blog post for the assignment on the Week #2 page titled Question 2.2 with:

1. A refinement of the gap you are addressing. (It’s possible, even likely, that your understanding of the design problem will evolve based on these interviews.) Express this simply as a refinement of your one-sentence problem statement.

2. A list of at least 30 user needs. These needs should be arranged into a hierarchy with at least one level of abstraction. That is cluster your needs into groups, with a primary need describing the cluster in bold. Ensure that your needs adhere to the coding rules explained in the video.

3. Identification of one or more latent needs with an exclamation point (!).

AuthorJane Martin

In what way might I be able to do more of the things I enjoy when I'm away from home?

In what way might I be able to cook the things I want when I'm not at home?

*** In what way might I create a way to have the non perishable ingredients I need to cook my favourite foods away from home?

In what way might I have something that was like a lunchbox but filled with ingredients?

In what way might I create a stack of flexible pots of different sizes that hold ingredients?



Beginning with the challenge you addressed for yourself last week, refine the definition of the design problem using the five-whys methodology. Some definitions of the problem should be more specific and some more general than the one you addressed last week for yourself.


Please note that it is acceptable if your gap changes quite a bit from what you addressed last week. Indeed, it is even possible you will address some gap totally unrelated to what you did last week. While in an ideal world, your gap for this week would relate to what you did last week, it is easy to imagine situations where you might want to shift directions.

Articulate a hierarchy of problems, identifying with an asterisk (*) the statement you think would best serve as your course project. Please adopt the format "In what way might I ?"

For instance:

In what way might I...

improve mortality outcomes in the hospital
reduce the incidence of hospital-acquired infection
prevent the spread of microbes among patients
*increase hand washing among healthcare providers
make access to soap and water convenient
locate hand washing stations near patients


Create a blog post for the assignment on the Week #2 page titled Question 2.1 and post:

  • Your list of problem statements (at least five), arranged from most general to most specific, with the one you will focus on identified with an asterisk (*).
AuthorJane Martin